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It was not until the middle of the 19th century that cake as we know it today (made with extra refined white flour and baking powder instead of yeast) arrived on the scene. The Cassell's New Universal Cookery Book [London, 1894] contains a recipe for layer cake, American (p. Butter-cream frostings (using butter, cream, confectioners [powdered] sugar and flavorings) began replacing traditional boiled icings in first few decades 20th century.In France, Antonin Careme [1784-1833] is considered THE premier historic chef of the modern pastry/cake world.In its northeastern Old French dialect from wasel it as borrowed into English in the thirteenth century, where it survived until the seventeenth century." ---An A to Z of Food and Drink, John Ayto [Oxford University Press: Oxford] 2002 (p.138) "The word 'gateau' crossed the Channel to England in the early 19th century...Casse-museau is a hard dry pastry still made today'...petits choux and gateaux feuilletes are mentioned in a charter by Robert, Bishop of Amiens in 1311." ---Larousse Gastronomique, completely revised and updated [Clarkson Potter: New York] 2001 (p. The original dividing line between cake and bread was fairly thin: Roman times eggs and butter were often added to basic bread dough to give a consistency we would recognize as cakelike, and this was frequently sweetened with honey.Terminologically, too, the earliest English cakes were virtually bread, their main distinguishing characteristics being their shape--round and flat--and the fact that they were hard on both sides from being turned over during baking..England the shape and contents of cakes were graudally converging toward our present understanding of the term.Most were probably rather sickly, made from cheap sponge filled with 'buttercream'..coated with fondant icing. French gateau are richer than the products of British bakers. These products naturally relaxed into rounded shapes.They involve thin layers of sponge, usually genoise, or meringue; some are based on choux pastry. The later are rarely dairy cream; instead creme patissiere (confectioner's custard--milk, sugar, egg yolks, and a little flour) or creme au buerre (a rich concoction of egg yolks creamed with sugar syrup and softened butter) are used. By the 17th century, cake hoops (fashioned from metal or wood) were placed on flat pans to effect the shape.

Judging by the amount of space given to directions for making these in bakers' manuals of the time, they were tremendously popular... The primary meaning of the word 'gateau' is now a rich and elaborate cake filled with whipped cream and fruit, nuts, or chocolate. Generally, the round cakes we know today descended from ancient bread. They were typically fashioned into round balls and baked on hearthstones, griddles, or in low, shallow pans.

Gateau is generally used for fancy, but light or rich, often with fresh decoration, such as fresh fruit or whipped cream.

Whereas a cake may remain fresh for several days after baking or even improve with keeping, a gateau usually includes fresh decoration or ingredients that do not keep well, such as fresh fruit or whipped cream.

About cake cake symbolism cake mixes high altitude cake mix icing and frosting cake decorations cake shapes baking papers Pillsbury Bake Off shortening 1234 cake angel food apple sauce cakes baba & savarin banana bread beet cake birthday cake bishop's cake Black Forest cake Blackout cake buche de Noel bundt cake cake pops caramel cake carrot cake checkerboard cake cheesecake chiffon cake chocolate cake chocolate molten lava cake chop suey cake coffee cake cola cakes cranberry bread crazy cake cupcakes danish devil's food diet bread dirt cake dump cake earthquake cake Eccles cake Eggless, milkless, butterless election cake fruitcake galette gateau genoise German chocolate cake Gooey butter cake groom's cake Harvey Wallbanger cake Hostess cup cakes hummingbird cake ice box cake ice cream cake Italian cream cake Japanese fruit cake King cake kolache kuchen kugelhopf Lady Baltimore Cake ladyfingers Lamingtons Lane cake Lord Baltimore Cake madeleines marble cake Mary Ann cakes mayonnaise cake mud cake opera cake Pavlova pineapple upside-down cake poundcake pumpkin bread red devil's food red velvet cake Smith Island cake Snackin Cake sponge cakes & biscuits Stained glass cake torten: Linzer, Dobos & Sacher Texas sheet cake Tipsy parson tomato soup cake Tunnel of Fudge Twelfth Night cakes Twinkies Victoria sandwich cakes wacky cake Washington cakes Watergate cake wedding cake zucchini bread The history of cake dates back to ancient times.

The first cakes were very different from what we eat today.

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